Read more about the article 同系列的追根究底——从分子结构到有机化合物设计的探讨
Exploring Homologous Series: From Molecular Structures to Organic Compound Design
試堂優惠 一人 $99 二人 免費 三人 每人回贈$100 中大港大🏫 真人小班👨‍👩‍👦 同學成績優異📈 交通方便🚄 地點: 銅鑼灣 太子 藍田 沙田 荃灣 科目: 化學 生物 物理 中英數Econ Bafs 名額極有限,先到先得 ❤️🔥請DM或Whatsapp我們! https://www.hkdse.video/offer100/ #2023DSE #DSE2023 #2024DSE #DSE2024 #2025DSE #dse2025 #補chem #補化學 #化學補習 #補bio #補生物 #生物補習 #補phy #補物理 #物理補習 #補中文 #補英文 #補數學 #補Econ #補bafs

同系列的追根究底——从分子结构到有机化合物设计的探讨 Exploring Homologous Series: From Molecular Structures to Organic Compound Design

Homologous Series: A Key Concept in Organic Chemistry The term “homologous series” refers to a group of organic compounds that share similar chemical properties, structures, and trends in their physical properties. A homologous series is characterized by a common functional group and a linear progression in molecular size, with each member of the series differing by a CH2 unit. Understanding homologous series is an essential concept in organic chemistry, as it allows for the prediction of chemical and physical properties of related compounds. Properties and Trends in Homologous Series Within a homologous series, the physical properties such as boiling and melting points, density, and solubility in water, exhibit a regular trend. As the molecular size of the compound increases, the boiling and melting points also increase because of the increase in London dispersion forces between molecules. Moreover, the solubility in water decreases with increasing chain length due to the increase in hydrophobic interactions between molecules. Chemical properties such as reactivity, acidity, and basicity, also show systematic variation in homologous series. Homologous series compounds display similar chemical reactions, with each member differing in reactivity due to variations in functional groups. This characteristic feature makes the study of homologous series critical in predicting the behavior of compounds during chemical reactions. Uses of Homologous Series in Organic Chemistry and Beyond The concept of homologous series is important in the choice of compounds for drug discovery, as it allows for the prediction of a range of physical and chemical properties of related compounds. It is also used in industry for the production of various organic substances such as alcohols, carboxylic acids, and hydrocarbons, through a process called fractional distillation. In conclusion, homologous series in organic chemistry represents an essential concept for predicting physical and chemical properties of related organic compounds. Examinations in organic chemistry typically focus on this important concept, along with its applications in predicting the behavior of compounds during chemical reactions. With a thorough understanding of homologous series, students can effectively apply this knowledge in drug discovery and industrial organic synthesis.

Continue Reading同系列的追根究底——从分子结构到有机化合物设计的探讨 Exploring Homologous Series: From Molecular Structures to Organic Compound Design